In endowing the Mona Lisa with masculine attributes, Marcel Duchamp alludes to Leonardo's homosexuality. By challenging the very notion of what is art, Marcel Duchamp's works sent shock waves across the art world that can still be felt today.
Dadaism incorporates the environment and spectators as active and important ingredients in the production of random events. It also has a great influence in later movements including Surrealism and Fluxus.
In later posts, let's talk about Edgar Degas reproductions, who was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings.